Last edited by Taktilar
Wednesday, February 12, 2020 | History

8 edition of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis in central Asia found in the catalog.

HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis in central Asia

country profiles

by

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  • 18 Currently reading

Published by World Bank in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • HIV infections -- Asia, Central,
  • AIDS (Disease) -- Asia, Central,
  • Tuberculosis -- Asia, Central

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references (p. 83-84)

    StatementJoana Godinho ... [et al.]
    SeriesWorld Bank working paper -- no. 20
    ContributionsGodinho, Joana, 1951-
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRA643.86.A783 H55 2004
    The Physical Object
    Paginationix, 84 p. :
    Number of Pages84
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15443312M
    ISBN 100821356879
    LC Control Number2003064621

    Although these clearly are progressive policies, many problems remain, including the conditions under which patients returning to their country of origin have to continue treatment to the end and the complexities of the patient referral system. Even fewer infants are given their prophylactic dose of Nevirapine. To reverse the rising HIV and MDR TB epidemics, the region will need to move forward on a number of fronts: Firstly, there must be a halt to the deportation of migrants based on health status in the countries where it is still in practice. Another issue of concern is that the focus of many of these programmes is on treatment rather than prevention of HIV. A key issue is incorporation of applicable interventions into existing health services and programmes. Neff Walker [ 24 ] has estimated that, of the 2.

    Overview of obstacles to access to care and prevention, and the rise of community groups and activist movements to meet these challenges. A key issue is incorporation of applicable interventions into existing health services and programmes. Some people do not know their HIV positive status, anti-retroviral therapy ART coverage is still the lowest among any region of the world, and prevention programmes are poorly funded and fail to reach the majority of those vulnerable groups at high risk of contracting HIV, and who also continue to be stigmatizsed, criminalised, and often denied access to services. For instance, over sixty percent of people who have been detected as HIV-positive in the last three years in Armenia, have, at one point, migrated to the Russian Federation for work. Constraints relating to supply within health systems, including finance, information systems, human resources, drugs and logistics [ 14 ], as well as those on the demand-side, such as increased patient numbers, and stigma and discrimination among communities [ 8 ], hinder progress. But the direct and indirect financial, social, economic, political and security costs of failing to introduce effective prevention measures are undeniably very high.

    Prevention strategies in these populations are, for the most part, inadequate. Of these,are in Brazil alone [ 15 ]. However, there is cause for serious concern due to: the steep growth of new HIV cases in the region; the established related epidemics of injecting drug use, sexually transmitted infections STIs and tuberculosis TB ; youth representing more than 40 percent of the total regional population; and the low levels of knowledge about the epidemics. In the last few years, Kazakhstan has changed its policies, now ensuring access to full TB treatment for migrants irrespective of their legal status — and to MDR-TB treatment until the point that patients become sputum-negative. In addition, there are aspects of HAART management which are still not settled — optimal start time and regimen sequence, the meaning of regime failure, and the sustainable reduction of resistance.


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HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis in central Asia book

Published online May The opportunity for prevention in low prevalence environments provides an imperative for action, because when HIV prevalence among high-risk groups reaches 20 percent or more, prevention is no longer possible and expensive treatment for AIDS and related opportunistic infections will overwhelm under funded health care systems such as those in Central Asia.

The large volumes of aid being made available to developing countries has in many instances resulted in bottlenecks in health systems in these regions, which are historically unable to cope with the demands being place upon them by the accelerating spread of HIV and concomitant influx of resources to meet this challenge.

HIV/AIDS in Asia

The value of the book lies partly in the comprehensive presentation in one volume of up-todate and wide-ranging knowledge and also in its impartiality, since it might be perceived to be more independent than official publications by the UN or governments. It follows that inequities in the provision of healthcare services may escalate in the coming years unless efficiency is coupled with justice in the construction of national health systems.

We will need to build on these growing expectations if we are to successfully overcome the barriers that have come to define the epidemic in the EECA. However, other risk factors such as behaviour, socio-economics and biology also contribute to the spread of the disease. The ratio of patients of drug users increases rapidly, which has led the authority to promote a harm reduction program.

However, there is cause for serious concern due to: the steep growth of new HIV cases in the region; the established related epidemics of injecting drug use, sexually transmitted infections STIs and tuberculosis TB ; youth representing more than 40 percent of the total regional population; and the low levels of knowledge about the epidemics.

UNAIDS [ 8 ] suggests that, in order to build capacity, an approach which incorporates training, technical assistance and access to improved guidelines and tools should be adopted by funders. Lastly, national and regional responses around infectious diseases like HIV and TB urgently need to be reviewed to include migrants as a vulnerable group.

The low rates of uptake of preventive measures in many developing countries, which we discuss later, do not diminish this assertion. Even fewer infants are given their prophylactic dose of Nevirapine.

HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in Central Asia

The opportunity for prevention in low prevalence environments provides an imperative for action, because when HIV prevalence among high-risk groups reaches 20 percent or more, prevention is no longer possible and expensive treatment for AIDS and related opportunistic infections will overwhelm under funded health care systems such as those in Central Asia.

Globalisation brings with it many benefits in addressing the spread of HIV throughout the world. Even when the prospects of effective specific antiretroviral treatment improved aftermany scientists and health professionals remained committed to a dominant role of prevention over treatment and care.

In the last few years, Kazakhstan has changed its policies, now ensuring access to full TB treatment for migrants irrespective of their legal status — and to MDR-TB treatment until the point that patients become sputum-negative.

As such, an approach specific to the disease itself could be seen as the most effective way of building the capacity of health systems in countries of need, as it may be a more manageable way to address weaknesses in the health system while at the same time delivering short-term returns.

Of these,are in Brazil alone [ 15 ]. Any foreigners who plan to stay in South Korea must test for HIV, and if results show they are positive they are no longer able to stay in the country for any reason. The more people with HIV and active tuberculosis, the more people there are tospread tuberculosis to others.HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis in Central Asia (English) Abstract.

The countries of Central Asia are still at the earliest stages of an HIV/AIDS epidemic. However, there is cause for serious concern due to: the steep growth of new HIV cases in the region; the established related epidemics of injecting drug Cited by: HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in Central Asia: Country Profiles is part of the World Bank Working Paper series.

These papers are published to communicate the results of the Bank's ongoing research and to stimulate public discussion. The countries of Central A JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser.

Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV are strongly linked. Whereas people with healthy immune systems may not fall ill from latent TB infection (when a person has TB but does not have any symptoms), people living with HIV with a low CD4 count are much more susceptible to active TB.

The Shifting Diplomacy around Migration, HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in Central Asia

Although the numbers are relatively small when compared to the number of people living with HIV in areas such as Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, HIV/AIDS in Western and Central Europe is still considered a major public health issue.

The Shifting Diplomacy around Migration, HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in Central Asia 03/23/ am ET Central Asia and the Russian Federation face a major intra-regional migration flow, home, as it is, to one of the largest labor migration corridors in the world, with hundreds of thousands of migrant workers moving from Central Asian Author: Michel Kazatchkine.

When your immune system is weak, TB germs can multiply and cause symptoms. Someone infected with both HIV and TB is at least 10 times more likely to develop active TB, especially when their CD4 count is under Regardless of your CD4 count, having both infections also means you have AIDS, the advanced stage of HIV.